Kleinfontein

Place in Gauteng, South Africa
25°49′55″S 28°30′04″E / 25.832°S 28.501°E / -25.832; 28.501Coordinates: 25°49′55″S 28°30′04″E / 25.832°S 28.501°E / -25.832; 28.501CountrySouth AfricaProvinceGautengMunicipalityCity of TshwaneEstablished1992Government
 • MayorRandall Williams (DA)Area
 • Total8.6 km2 (3.3 sq mi)Population • Total650 • Density76/km2 (200/sq mi)Time zoneUTC+2 (SAST)Websitehttp://www.kleinfontein.net/

Kleinfontein is a culturally segregated, Afrikaner-only settlement near Pretoria, South Africa that was founded in 1992. Members of the African National Congress and Democratic Alliance youth have denounced the settlement and the continued existence of Afrikaner-only settlements in post-Apartheid South Africa.[2][3]

History

The entrance to the town displays a bust of Paul Kruger, a monument that commemarates the Battle of Blood River,[4] the day Jan van Riebeeck landed in South-Africa, Paardekraal and a bust of Hendrik Verwoerd,[5] considered[6] by some as the "father of Apartheid"; the community obtained the bust from a cultural group.[7]

As of 2013[update], the population of Kleinfontein was about 900 Afrikaners during the day, of which about 650 were residents and about 400 were shareholders. Kleinfontein's area has grown from the original 500 hectares to the current 860 hectares, and stretches just off the N4 highway beyond the Boschkop road.[1] As of November 2013, the Gauteng legislature recognised Kleinfontein as a cultural community.[8][9] The City of Pretoria still refused to declare it a separate development or a formal township. Efforts to be recognized as a separate legal entity have not been successful. Following the legislature's investigation into Kleinfontein, there were 450 shareholders and 1,000 residents, living in around 300 homes.[8] Article 185 of the South African Constitution allows citizens of a similar cultural, linguistic, or religious group to associate with each other.

The settlement consists of a single, undivided property. The ownership of individual residents is by a Shareblock Scheme[10][11] similar to its sister town Orania.[12] Van Wyk (2014) reports that two categories of inhabitants can be distinguished: older, retired people and younger middle-class professionals.[12]

Criticism

Kleinfontein has been criticised for its policy of barring all non-Afrikaners from settling in the community. Protests were held in May 2013 when the Democratic Alliance and the ANC competed in local elections.[13] The community has also been criticised by the South African government for engaging in practices that once led to a "divided South Africa."[14] Residents of the community defend their practice by saying that they are defending their own separate cultural identity.[15][16]

Some residents of the community have also objected to the "restricted" nature of the community which prevents them from selling their home to the buyer of their choice.[17]

Geography

The town is located roughly halfway between Pretoria and Bronkhorstspruit. It lies just south of the N4, just west of the R515, a few kilometers south of Rayton, on the Magaliesberg mountain range at the historical terrain where the Battle of Diamond Hill (Afrikaans: die slag van Donkerhoek) took place during the Second Boer War.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Ontstaan en Geskiedenis Archived 2010-12-30 at the Wayback Machine, Official site
  2. ^ "Kleinfontein segregation not about race". News24. May 23, 2013. Archived from the original on June 7, 2013. Retrieved 2013-05-23.
  3. ^ "Welcome to Kleinfontein, lingering outpost of apartheid South Africa". TheGuardian.com. 30 July 2013.
  4. ^ "Battle of Blood River", Wikipedia, 2022-06-23, retrieved 2022-08-10
  5. ^ Bruton, F. Brinley (20 June 2013). "All-white town fights to preserve segregation in Mandela's 'Rainbow Nation'". World News NBC. Archived from the original on 6 August 2013. Retrieved 4 August 2013.
  6. ^ "DA 'removes Verwoerd statue'". www.iol.co.za. Retrieved 2022-08-10.
  7. ^ Raghavan, Sudarsan (30 July 2013). "Welcome to Kleinfontein, lingering outpost of apartheid South Africa". Guardian Weekly. Archived from the original on 31 July 2013. Retrieved 4 August 2013.
  8. ^ a b [1] Archived 2013-11-25 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ "Kleinfontein settlement recognised as cultural community - FF+ - POLITICS | Politicsweb". Archived from the original on 2013-12-03. Retrieved 2013-11-28.
  10. ^ https://www.timeslive.co.za/authors/iavanpijoos. "Boer maak 'n plan: how a community is lightening life at Donkerhoek". TimesLIVE. Retrieved 2022-08-10. {{cite web}}: External link in |last= (help)
  11. ^ "Aandeleblokskema", Wikipedia (in Afrikaans), 2021-08-14, retrieved 2022-08-10
  12. ^ a b Van Wyk, Johannes Stephanus (2014). "Buying into Kleinfontein: the Financial Implications of Afrikaner Self-Determination" (PDF). University of Pretoria. p. iv. Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 August 2017. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
  13. ^ "DA Youth protest outside Kleinfontein". www.iol.co.za. Retrieved 2022-08-10.
  14. ^ Government shocked by racist Kleinfontein - Politics | IOL News | IOL.co.za Archived 2013-06-07 at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ Kleinfontein: Pretoria’s own Orania - Gauteng | IOL News | IOL.co.za Archived 2013-07-03 at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ Kleinfontein segregation not about race | News24 Archived 2013-06-07 at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ This is Kleinfontein - White couple not Afrikaner enough for racist settlement near Pretoria - SundayWorld Archived 2013-06-26 at the Wayback Machine

External links

  • Official website
  • v
  • t
  • e
Seat: Pretoria
Cities and towns
City of Tshwane within South Africa
Suburbs of
CenturionSuburbs of
Pretoria